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16.03.12 / The 46th International Tourism Fair, «ITB Berlin 2012», which took place from March 7 to 11 in Berlin, once again confirmed its status as the world's biggest tourism and services exhibition.
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Architecture of Belarus
Like ice and flame, the cultures of West and East meet in Belarus. This strange union has had a marvelous effect on our country. Here byzantine style characteristic for Russia, neighbors with gothic style which came from Western Europe, baroque, classicism and art nouveau interlace in intricate manner.
And it's not surprising. After all architects and artists from many countries worked in Belarus: Italians were Bernardoni, Parakko; Frenchmen – Gabriel, Puse; Germans – Bekker, Mezer. Belarusian architect masters in turn have won glory abroad.
|The National Library|
The unique image of the building has no analogues in Europe and became a visiting card of Belarusian capital city.
The ensemble of the central city street in Minsk is considered to be the world cultural treasure,is also an example of the 20th
century architecture — the so called "Stalin
Empire Style" (or Soviet Classicism), say
UNESCO experts,that has no analogues in the world.
Religious architectural monuments are tourist attractions in their own right:the gold-domed Orthodox Christian churches, gothic Roman Catholic cathedrals, wooden mosques, stone synagogues. Belarusian monasteries reflect the history of Catholic orders. There are some memorable places in Belarus, connected with the carthusian monks (the order was founded in 11th century by St. Bruno in Bourgogne), piarists (The Order of Poor Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools) and even with the Order of the Knights of Malta, are left there.
|St Sophia’s Cathedral in Polotsk|
It’s one of the first Orthodox Christian fortified churches surrounded with legends and historical events that went through a series of distructions and reconstructions. Nowadays the church is the centre of cultural life that attracts tourists with organ music concerts and the unique architecture museum.
The oldest extant Christian temple in Grodno is St Boris and St Gleb’s Church, commonly referred to as Kalozhskaya Church as it was built in a sacred pagan settlement called Kolozhan.
Built in 1180 on a steep bank of the River Neman the unique church had survived intact until 1853, when the southern wall of the temple collapsed as result of a landslide triggered by the spring floods.
The monument belongs to the Grodno school of architecture and shows the uniqueness of Belarussian people.
The extraordinarily beautiful church built in honor of Virgin Mary in 16th century is located three kilometers away from the Village of Mozheikovo, near Schuchin in Grodno Region.
Castles and fortresses
Numerous wars, fought on the Belarusian territory influenced architecture and urban development. A great attention was paid to urban fortification, fortress, castle, defense tower building.
|Mir Castle Complex|
The Mir Castle is the visiting card of Belarus. It’s also the place of impressive summer festivals and concerts.
The Brest Fortress is a monument of the defence architicture which was erected in the middle of the 19th century. The fortress is the main attraction of the city. The history of this defensive construction started in 1842 when the entire city of Brest was moved 3 kilometers east, and on its place a massive fortress was set up. The fortress made a prolonged defence against Germans in 1941 and was ruined in the result of severe battles. After the war the remains of the fortress were turned into a grandiose memorial to its defenders.
The castle is famous for its knight tournaments in summertime, while in winter the inner yard of the castle, which is 80 metres wide and 80 metres long, is converted into an ice skating rink.
Ancestral Palaces and Manors
|The Radziwill Dynasty Residence|
The architectural complex of Radzivills’residence is an original and the only extant castle in Europe. It is an example of magnate residence.
Throughout its history, the castle has been growing and changing its shape and style. Now it is a harmonious ensemble of medieval architectural features, styles of late Renaissance, the Baroque and original stylish research of local masters.
The Palace & Park Ensemble, which includes the Duke Rumyantsev and Paskevich Family Palace, the Paskevich Family Chapel, St Peter and St Paul’s Cathedral, and a park is the visiting card of Gomel. This unique complex of natural, archeological, historical and architectural monuments extends along the steep bank of the river Sozh.
The castle built by the Puslowskis in 1830 is Belarus’ only surviving architectural monument that can be classified as 'regular palace' with very impressive regular geometry. The combination of the classic and neo-gothic styles, the palace used to have over 130 rooms, all different and special in its own way.The castle situated on a small plateau became the centre of one of the beautiful terraced parks that had more then 150 species of exotic plants.
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